Originally, greyhounds were bred as hunting dogs. Their job is chasing foxes, deer and rabbits. Greyhound is the second fastest runner of all land animals, second only to cheetahs and is capable of reaching straight speeds up to 45mph. Because of a great speed like that, the greyhound was named as a racing dog.
Have you ever wondered that how can greyhounds run so fast and what are the factors contribute to their quick, smooth performance at high speeds? Therefore, in this post, you will see many different levels of factors that contribute to the running speed of greyhound dogs.
What are the characteristics of a greyhound dog allow it to run fast?
Greyhound’s running style and gait are important characteristics that allow it to run fast. Like cheetahs, a greyhound follows a “double gallop”. In this gait, each hind leg follows the front foot and all four feet leave the ground. In each stride, the dog’s body shrinks and stretches. Additionally, greyhounds can operate at a maximum speed very quickly when there is enough flat opening space to allow them to accelerate, with plenty of latent energy in the skinny body and sloping hindquarters to provide energy for them.
To achieve true running speed at the highest level, a greyhound definitely needs long legs. These long, thin legs allow the greyhound to cover the ground at high speed, and the narrow chest allows the dog to fully expand its legs without being affected. In addition, the muscles of the Greyhound hindquarters are flat, lean and long, providing explosive power for the dog to propel itself forward in a run and covering large areas on the ground very quickly. Greyhound’s spine is also very flexible, which is essential for achieving high speed.
The long and straight muzzle of the greyhound and the large nostril continue to allow the dog to inhale and process a large amount of air, supporting muscles for the high speed race. The superior oxidation triggered by the body’s snout and lungs helps to support these muscles and avoid burning pains accompanied by vigorous muscular activity longer than average in other breeds.
The long and supple neck allows them to lower their heads below their shoulders as they run, balance their body and reduce resistance, as well as create a pointed forward silhouette that helps with configuration. aerodynamics and reduced wind disturbance. All of these factors use airflow and wind to give the greatest advantage to speeding up instead of being limited by it.
Besides, the greyhound has a huge heart, making up between 1.18% and 1.73% of its body weight. The heart of a greyhound circulates the entire blood of a dog four or five times in a 30-second race. The high blood volume and its cell volume will ensure the muscle gets the amount of oxygen it needs with the best effect.
The greyhound is characterized by long legs, slender muscles, flexible spine, enhanced lung capacity and a high rate of muscle twitching. However, Greyhound’s maximum speed can only be maintained in short races, because they are certainly made for speed, not durability.
How fast can a greyhound run compared to the other animals?
The greyhounds are sleek, aerodynamic with narrow heads and long legs, and greyhounds perfectly crafted to pursue high speed. Also, they can be considered the fastest dogs because they can reach the highest instantaneous speed, sprint speed up to 40 or 45 miles per hour. A greyhound can maintain its top running speed of about 250 meters (about 273 yards).
Therefore, the question is, how fast a greyhound can run compared to other animals?
Greyhounds are much faster than humans. Usain Bolt set a 100-meter world record with a time of 9.58 seconds and a top speed of 22.9 miles per hour. In contrast, a hound can run 100 meters in just 5.33 seconds.
Besides, this kind of dog can pass a horse in one sprint because it accelerates very fast. However, a horse can reach a maximum speed of 55 miles per hour. So you can see, the horse will win if the race is long enough.
Although greyhounds are very fast, they do not accelerate quite fast or reach the maximum speed as high as a panther. The maximum speed of a cheetah ranges from 65 to 75 miles per hour, with a world record for the “fastest land animal” of 61 miles per hour. However, a cheetah is a sprinter. Finally, a greyhound will pass a panther in a long race.
How much exercise does a greyhound need?
Many people believe that greyhounds need a lot of exercise, but it is not. Twenty minutes of walking every day are enough for exercise to keep your dog happy and healthy.
A greyhound will happily spend most of the time indoors relaxing and lying around. These dogs need to burn their conservation energy by running or walking. Backyard exercise is perfectly acceptable for greyhounds, but daily walking brings more mental and physical stimulation to your greyhound – and these walks help to build a better relationship between you and your dog.
The age and physical condition of your dog will also determine what kind of activity you can engage in. For example, high-end greyhound may not be eager to engage in an enthusiastic conversation with other dogs but it will enjoy a quiet walk with you.
In addition, the amount of exercise depends largely on the size of its indoor living space. If you have a small house without a backyard, your greyhound will need about 2 to 3 short walks a day, or 1 to 2 long walks. Running well in a completely fenced area will also be interesting for your dog.
Getting greyhound as a pet is also a great thing. In addition to its charm and speed, people love greyhounds because of their sweet and mild nature. They are friendly to people and other dogs, and greyhounds are also very loyal and affectionate with family.